Savoy cabbage was brought to our country by Europeans in the 17th century. The product was not widely used because of a relatively small yield. Savoy cabbage cannot be used for cooking sauerkraut which is a portion of authentic Russian food.
The vegetable is used mostly when fresh as well as for salads, soups, and baked foods. It is a valuable ingredient that has a positive effect on the human body.
Savoy cabbage varieties
Dozens of cabbage varieties are grown in the world, the most popular are the following:
- Alaska: long-season crop with thick wax bloom. The cabbage head weight is up to 2 kg;
- Vienna early: dark green crimp leaves. Round cabbage heads weight is up to 1 kg;
- Vertu: middle-late crop. Flat round heads and greyish-green leaves. The weight is up to 2.5 kg. The cabbage can be stored until midwinter;
- Vertus: head weight is up to 3 kg. The special pungent flavor;
- Virosa: good for winter storage;
- Golden early: Head weight is up to 0,8 kg. Intended to be used fresh;
- Cosima: long-season half-breed, head weight up to 1.7 kg. The heads are yellowish on the cut. Can be stored in winter;
- Crom: thick green heads with a small core. The weight is up to 2 kg;
- Komparsa: short-season crop with light green heads;
- Melissa: a middle-late variety weight up to 2.5-3 kg. Is stored until the end of the winter;
- Mira: short-season crop. Head weight is up to 1.5 kg;
- Ovasa: a middle-late crop. Coast bubble surface, frost resistant.
- Savoy King: mid-season hybrid with big and thick heads;
- Sphere: mid-season yielding hybrid. Dark green wrapper leaves. Head weight up to 2,5 kg;
- Stilon: long-season variety. Blue-green and grey heads;
- Julius: early, weight up to 1.5 kg. Very good for transportation.
How to use cabbage in cooking
Thanks to the soft texture the cabbage does not need long heat treatment. Savoy cabbage has a sweet taste without bitterness. It is good for salads.
Sausages, meat, and vegetable condiments are often wrapped in cabbage leaves. It is excellent for savory pies, bakes, and soups. Suitable for buns, dumplings, and cabbage rolls.
Nutritionists recommend adding it to the diet of those people who want to lose weight and normalize metabolism. Savoy cabbage has a low nutritional value – 28 kcal per 100 g.
The cabbage provides:
- Vitamins (РР, А, Е, С, В1, В2, В6);
- Minerals (Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Potassium);
- Carotene, thiamin, riboflavin;
- Amino acids;
- Mustard oil;
- Pectic combinations.
Savoy cabbage use
What health properties does Savoy cabbage have?
- Cancer prevention. The scientists made a phenomenal discovery in 1957. Ascorbigen components were investigated in Savoy cabbage. When broken down in the stomach this substance slows down the cancerous growth. It is necessary to eat Savoy cabbage leaves fresh to obtain these valuable medicinal properties.
- Anti-ageing. The antioxidant glutathione aids the neutralization of free radicals. It allows maintaining the skin and vascular wall’s smoothness and elasticity.
- Immune system reconstruction.
- Normalization of the nervous system. It helps to cope with stress factors and quickly survive traumatic situations. Regular consumption of this green vegetable protects against depression and chronic fatigue.
- Blood sugar level decrease. Savoy cabbage contains natural sweetener mannitol. This unique substance is suitable for use even in diabetes mellitus.
- Blood pressure decrease.
- Restore digestive function. This type of cabbage contains a lot of vegetable fiber, which is necessary to activate the motility of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Heart diseases prevention. The specialists recommend elder people supplement the menu with Savoy cabbage. It reduces the risk of heart and brain attacks and prevents cholesterol plaques.
- Improves working capacity, memory, and concentration. Helps to cope with easy fatigability.
- Wound-healing effect. Has a positive effect on blood coagulability.
- Promotes weight loss. Savoy cabbage activates metabolism and stimulates subcutaneous fat stock consumption.
Savoy cabbage harm
This vegetable should not be eaten if you have an allergic reaction. Nutritionists warn that Savoy cabbage should not be eaten by people who use it:
- Have gastritis, pancreatitis, enterocolitis, peptic ulcer disease aggravation;
- Have intestinal issues;
- Have had abdominal or chest surgery recently;
- Have severe diseases of the thyroid body;
- Have increased stomach acidity.